Anthony V. Catanese

Haitians : migration and diaspora

Westview Press

Boulder (Colorado), 1999

bibliothèque insulaire

parutions 1999
Haitians : migration and diaspora / Anthony V. Catanese. - Boulder (Colorado) : Westview press, 1999. - XII-143 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN 0-8133-3543-4

DESCRIPTION : Haitian boat people have been in the news since the early 1980s, and are part of a much longer migration history between the world's first black republic and the United States. The vast majority of Haitians are desperately poor rural residents ; Haitian Americans, on the other hand, are concentrated along the urbanized Atlantic seaboard and are not ensnared in poverty. Haitians : migration and diaspora uses U.S. census and Haitian interview data, coupled with a broader analysis of Haitian rural conditions and the effects of foreign and domestic policy on their movement, to underscore the need for a comprehensive rural strategy for economic development in Haiti. Such a strategy, Catanese argues, is vital for improving the lives of Haitians and removing the impulse for leaving their preferred rural domiciles.

The book begins in the early 1980s, after almost twenty-five years of Duvalierism, when rural Haitian were beset by several important migration and refugee issues : pig extermination and repopulation, deforestation and reforestation, and the 1990s embargo by the U.S. and its allies. After examining how Haitians responded to and were affected by these centrally important issues, the author proposes an array of ways to make rural Haiti livable for its people. Finally, the issue of Haitian Americans is addressed.


1. Introduction
2. Duvalierism and Haiti's Vast Majority
Specific Context: Rural Haiti and Pig Repopulation
Data Collection
Poverty Ratings
An Inductive Outcome
Implications and Usefulness of the Sequential Criteria
3. Deforestation and Haitian Poverty
General Historical Background
The Historical Roots of Poverty and Environmental Degradation
Haiti's Current Condition: Poverty and Deforestation
Summary of the Relationship Between Poverty and Deforestation
4. Misguided Reforestation: Focusing on Poor Haitians
Haiti's Characteristics
Experience with Reforestation
Viability of Reforestation
Conclusions and Recommendations
5. Haitian Refugees
Environmental Refugees: The General Literature Applied to Haiti
A Representative Haitian's Perspective
Environmental Degradation: Deforestation in Haiti
Environmental and Other Refugees
6. The International Embargo of the 1990s
The Embargo
The Embargo Literature
Further Evidence and Conclusion
7. Making Haiti Livable for Its People
Focus on Rural Poverty
Real Per Capita Income
Targeting the Poor
Strengthening Agriculture
Deforestation and Reforestation
Land Ownership
Reverse Migration and Emigration
Role of Markets
Short-Run Reliance on Foreign Aid
Support from NGOs
Roles of Government
Lessons from Small Island Nation States
The Future
8. Haitian Americans
U.S. Census Data
A General Profile
Demographic Changes by Wave of Immigrants
A Summary Snapshot of the Changes
9. Transnational Linkages: Haitian Americans and Haitians
Remittances to Haiti
Epilogue: The Future
Selected Bibliography

mise-à-jour : 9 décembre 2005